With HTML, you will be able to create the structure of your website. JavaScript is another key language for web page design and inserts dynamic text into HTML client-side. HTML, or Hypertext Markup Language, was first proposed and published in 1993, though its roots trace back to proposals by Sir Tim Berners-Lee in 1989 for an internet hypertext system.

These programs provide means for websites to earn commissions by linking to products. As a member, we earn commissions on qualified purchases made through our links. We publish growth advice, technology how-to’s, and reviews of the best products for entrepreneurs, creators, and creatives who want to write their own story. Do you have another burning internet marketing or web development question? Contact us online today and we would be happy to answer it. This significantly lowers the chances of making a mistake or missing an instance that needs to be updated.

h1 color: red;

Again, you can play around with this CSS example to change the text and color. W3Schools also has examples that will help you visualize other CSS elements like basic syntax or image backgrounds. Once you’ve created the look, feel, and structure of your website, you’ll use css web development JavaScript to make your page more interactive and functionally complex. Maybe you want your buttons to change color when someone hovers over them, or you want to animate an image. JavaScript can add these bits of flair to give your website more personality and dynamism.


I like the data used and so, from now on when I used the linking method I learned here today, I will call it the Merky M method of stylesheet linking. It is usually style or styles, I like that it is spelled out, it seems professional to me. So, it's the Merky M method of stylesheet linking for me, if they don't like they can lump it. Oh, and I've never seen the media element used anywhere and that's also professional.

CSS Colors, Fonts and Sizes

It can control the layout of multiple web pages all at once. W3Schools also has examples for HTML headings, HTML links, HTML lists, and more HTML examples. We have updated our Privacy Policy to better reflect how we collect, use and share your information.

Some common elements and attributes used include the picture element, which allows developers to choose the most suitable image for the website for better display based on the user’s device. When it comes to web page building and design, Cascading Style Sheets and HyperText Markup Language are essential in ensuring you create an attractive and user-friendly page. CSS and HTML are basic programming languages that work together in the development of web applications and websites but have different roles. Put simply, CSS is a list of rules that can assign different properties to HTML tags, either specified to single tags, multiple tags, an entire document, or multiple documents.

Web Development & Coding Languages

He is passionate about all things technology, a keen researcher, and writes to inspire. Aside from technology, he is an active football player and a keen enthusiast of the game. It isn’t as flexible as other web page developers like Dreamweaver. Styling https://www.globalcloudteam.com/ is defined as key value pairs, and is used to define the font-size for H1 in 24px, or default 32px. Cascading Style Sheets, fondly referred to as CSS, is a simple design language intended to simplify the process of making web pages presentable.


If you are formatting texts, it’s quite easy to bold, italicize texts, and perform more functions. For example, if you want to bold the words “my document,” you write the following tag my document. Other uses for JavaScript include security password creation, check forms, interactive games, animations, and special effects. It's also used to build mobile apps and create server-based applications. You can add JavaScript to an HTML document by adding these "scripts," or snippets of JavaScript code, into your document's header or body. In short, JavaScript is a programming language that lets web developers design interactive sites.

It is a beginner-friendly language. It has loose syntax.

Inside the tag we have a tag and inside tag we have its 4 child elements as shown in the image. If you’re interested to learn more about coding, head to our guide on learning to code. It only requires a single CSS file to style all HTML files. The site will also cache the CSS file for your visitors’ next visit. Media – describes the type of media the CSS styles are optimized for. In this example, we put screen as the attribute value to imply its use for computer screens.


The menu button usually reveals a small menu on the side of the page, which adds interactivity to the page itself. All of this is powered by JavaScript and can make your website appear to be more modern and sophisticated. It’s a scripting language rather than a markup language, and was first released two years after HTML in 1995, developed by Brendan Eich of Netscape, a now-defunct web browser. JavaScript is maintained by the ECMA and as of 2021, the 12th version of ECMA is active. HTML is used to create the basic structure/ skeleton structure of a webpage. CSS is consists ofselectors, declaration blocks, properties, and values.

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They go hand-in-hand in building a webpage, but each serve a very unique purpose. ImplementationHTML is implemented to define the web page structure as well as structure. However, when we consider CSS for the purpose of implementation, then it is specific to the design and presentation only. By using this form you agree that your personal data would be processed in accordance with our Privacy Policy. CSS breakpoints are values that determine how a website looks on different screen sizes.

  • This resizing posed a challenge for CSS developers and caused errors in layout and font placement until the development of responsive web design.
  • You can make your own schedule and go at the pace that’s best for your lifestyle and learning style.
  • The hardest part of coding is getting started -- but once you learn the basics, it'll be easier to learn more advanced programming languages.
  • It is always advised and preferred to use external CSS for your projects.
  • HTML has basic syntax rules that include tags enclosed into angle brackets, for example , while CSS uses “selectors” followed by a declaration mark, such as “selector“.
  • HTML provides the structure and content of a web page, and CSS is used to style and format that content.

In programming, the goal of the puzzle is exactly the same -- you're just driving different kinds of behavior, and the source of that behavior isn't a human. For more information about working with different HTML elements, see the Treehouse course library related to HTML. HTML is not a case-sensitive language, so we can use tags either in lower-case or in the upper-case, but it is recommended to write all tags in lower-case for consistency and readability.

What Does Responsive Mean in CSS?

If you want your website to have a sleek and stylish design, CSS is the programming language to use. While HTML is a markup language, CSS is a style sheet language, meaning they don’t share the same formats and syntax rules. Although we had mentioned earlier that CSS completes the work of HTML, it doesn’t necessarily mean it’s dependent on it.